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Ghost Villages in World War 2


(Caution: Contains spoilers for Episode: 19×01: The Village That Rose From the Dead)

A curtain opens, revealing a room with nine people. All the people are dressed in 1940s style and are sitting at three tables. Only the older woman, Sylvia Lennard, who opened the curtain, is standing in front of them and is just finishing her presentation über ein living museum in Little Auburn.

Those present applaud. Roderick Craven, the landlord of Great Auburn and heir to Little Auburn, thanks her. 75 years ago, Little Auburn became a military base and fell into a ghost village after the war. The inhabitants founded Great Auburn not far away, but tomorrow the army will return the land to the Craven family. In return, the landlord wants to support a project – including his mother’s living museum.

 

Abandoned

Ghost Village Keep out
Graham Horn: View towards Tyneham, 2009. CC-BY SA 2.0.

Like a few other villages in England, Little Auburn was abandoned for the purposes of World War 2. Here, as there, the inhabitants built close to a new village. But unlike the other ghost villages, the inhabitants of Great Auburn were allowed to return to their home or the home of their ancestors in 2016.

The film location, Little Missenden in Buckinghamshire is not and was not a ghost village. It existed as a settlement in Anglo-Saxon times, so it is no wonder that it was mentioned in the Domesday Book.

But back to the 1940s: In preparation for the Allied assault on Normandy, several villages were “cleared” of civilians and used as training grounds for the British Army and U.S. forces: For the Stanford Battle Area in Norfolk, six villages were resettled: Buckenham Tofts, West Tufts, Langford, Stanford, Sturston, Tottington.

They were complemented by Imber in Wiltshire, and Tyneham in Dorset.. The last two are now something like open-air museums where visitors can walk around. The former inhabitants, however, were not allowed to return.

 

Tyneham, Dorset

A village with 102 houses, a church and a farm. At the end of November 1943, the 225 inhabitants of Tyneham received the message that they had to vacate their village within four weeks.

They were not granted a Christmas at home. The Bond family, who owned most of the village, received £30,000 compensation (nearly £1,000,000 today). The inhabitants received a little for what they had grown. They received nothing for the houses, which the British Army promised to return after the war. The British Army used the village and the surrounding 7,500 hectares to train troops and practice manoeuvres.

“ The Government appreciate that this is no small sacrifice which you are asked to make. But they are sure that you will give this further help towards winning the war with a good heart.”

The last inhabitants left on 17 December 1943 in the belief that the government would keep its promise.

Tyneham
Trish Steel: St Mary’s Church, Tyneham St. Mary’s Church, 2007. CC-BY SA 2.0.

A broken promise.

There were several attempts by the locals to change the military’s mind – unsuccessfully. Tyneham became a ghost village.

The Army placed a Compulsory Purchase Order on the land in 1947, which meant that no one could return. Since then, it has been owned by the Ministry of Defence and is used for training on weekdays. At weekends, it is a tourist attraction, with people walking through abandoned alleys and the remains of old houses.

In 2008 Tyneham Farm was reopened to the public and is being restored. The 13th century schoolhouse and church are preserved as museums. A message still hangs on the church which Evelyn Bond posted here in December 1943: “Please treat the church and houses with care; we have given up our homes where many of us lived for generations to help win the war to keep men free. We shall return one day and thank you for treating the village kindly.

 

Imber, Wiltshire

Imber
Scott Wylie: Imber Village, Salisbury Plain, UK, between 2004 and 2006. CC-BY SA 3.0.

Imber had a similar fate. An ancient village with ancient trackways leading to the village.

As in Tynedale, there were settlements here in Roman and Anglo-Saxon times and also a mention of the village in the Domesday Book.

Unlike Tyneham, however, the government had its finger on the village before 1943. Already since the late 19th century, the British War Office had acquired more and more of Imber to establish drill facilities. By 1940 they owned everything except the school, church and pub.

As in Tyneham, the British Army informed the British Army in November 1943 that all residents had to temporarily leave the village. Also until 17 December. Also no Christmas at home. Some of them must have thought “Of all things!” when they learned that US troops were to use the area for training and preparation. Of all things because the “Imber Friendly Fire Incident” was only a few months ago. At that time, during a rehearsal for a tactical demonstration of AirPower with Spitfires and Hurricanes, a US pilot mistook civilians for dummies, fired into the crowd and killed 25 people.

 

Inhabitants: Zero.

Imber is now also a ghost village because like Tyneham it was a broken promise of the British Army. No one ever returned to Imber and today it is tourists who are allowed to walk through the village at certain times. Every attempt by the inhabitants to be allowed to move back into the village has so far been unsuccessful.

After the war, the village was used for urban environment training and new empty buildings were even constructed to that end, among other things as preparation for soldiers to serve in Northern Ireland.

Completely absurd that Imber is still counted in the census records for the UK. With the number 0 as entry.

 

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    I would like to point out that this is an unofficial fan site. I am not connected to Bentley Productions, ITV or the actors.

    Petra Tabarelli has studied history and has earned an international reputation as an expert on the history and development of football rules. But she is also a big fan of Midsomer Murders - and that's why this website about history and nostalgia in and around Midsomer exists. She was looking for such a website, couldn't find it, so she created it. For others who, like her, are looking for the website, and now can find it.

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